相对性于汉语,英语写作会更为注重逻辑性连贯性,特别是在是选切雅思阅读原材料的英语短文,也是出色英文写作的意味着,他们因此选编于美国英国國家某些关键报纸杂志,如Economist, New Scientist等.那麼这类创作特性针对人们解释语段题目匹配题又有哪些启迪呢?
比如,剑桥雅思真题6 Test 4 Passage 1 “Doctoring sales”的E段,语段中引证了一名大夫得话,“‘I've been the recipient of golf balls from one company and I use them, but it doesn't make me prescribe their medicine,' says one doctor. ‘I tend to think I'm not influenced by what they give me.’” 这名大夫表述了自身尽管用了药业公司送的小礼品,可是并不容易在开方子时遭受危害.那麼这些的主题思想就很确立了,相匹配前边的heading为“I. Not all doctors are persuaded.”
1. sb. + “……”(直接引语)
比如剑桥雅思真题6 Test 1 Passage 3 “Climate Change and the Inuit”的F段中立即引证了那样一段话：
‘In the early days scientists ignored us when they came up here to study anything. They just figured these people don't know very much so we won't ask them,’ says John Amagoalik, an Inuit leader and politician. 'But in recent years IQ has had much more credibility and weight.’
最该表明的是,本段中的IQ并不是通常实际意义上的智力,前原文中表明过：And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom, increasingly referred to as ‘Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit’, or IQ.——也就是说Inuit大家的聪慧.依据John Amagoalik的叫法,初期来此科学研究的生物学家觉得本地的Inuit是“don't know very much”, 可是之后到近期两年状况产生了更改,IQ得到了大量的“credibility and weight”, 即可靠和必要性.因此,依据这一直接引语,人们迅速就能挑选出前边相匹配的heading: IV. Respect for Inuit opinion grows.
2. sb. say/ claim/ argue/ believe/…that…
比如剑桥雅思真题7 Test 1 Passage 2 “Making Every Drop Count”中的E段中有那样一句话：
At the outset of the new millennium, however, the way resource planners think about water is beginning to change. The focus is slowly shifting back to the provision of basic human and environmental needs as top priority - ensuring 'some for all,' instead of 'more for some'. Some water experts are now demanding that existing infrastructure be used in smarter ways rather than building new facilities, which is increasingly considered the option of last, not first, resort.
这道题型的状况略微繁杂某些,出現引证的我觉得是“Some water experts are now demanding that…”这句间接引语.假如有对同义替换成十分娴熟的“涮羊肉”,应当早已可以看得出这儿water experts和前边heading的选择项 I. Scientists' call for a revision of policy里边的scientists相匹配了.加上本段从首句就刚开始出現的change, shifting, instead, rather than等词,不断转达“更改,变化”的含意,相匹配选择项中的revision.自然人们还可以仔细观察一下下间接引语的这句话：当今,某些水利工程权威专家已经规定应当尽快应用目前的水利设施,并非一心兴修新的机器设备.这话的言外之意就是,之前大伙儿广泛的作法是后面一种并非前面一种,因此就是说要改动目前的对策.那样也就不会太难挑选出Scientists' call for a revision of policy这一选择项来啦.
3. a report/ survey/ research/ experiment/ … find/ suggest/ show/… that…
比如剑桥雅思真题6 Test 2 Passage 1 “Advantages of public transport”的D段：
Newman believes one of the best studies on how cities built for cars might be converted to rail use is The Urban Village report, which used Melbourne as an example. It found that pushing everyone into the city centre was not the best approach. Instead, the proposal advocated the creation of urban villages at hundreds of sites, mostly around railway stations.
本段较为简单通俗易懂,首句话点出了1个秘密文件The Urban Village report, 第二话是重中之重,都是引证內容所属,提到这一report发觉了哪些結果,即pushing everyone into the city centre was not the best approach, 把大伙儿都赶来区去并不一定好.因此,这就相匹配了选择项中的I. Avoiding an overcrowded centre.
又比如剑桥雅思真题6 Test 4 Passage 1 “Doctoring sales”的E段：
Free samples of new and expensive drugs might be the single most effective way of getting doctors and patients to become loyal to a product. Salespeople hand out hundreds of dollars' worth of samples each week- $7.2 billion worth of them in one year. Though few comprehensive studies have been conducted, one by the University of Washington investigated how drug sample availability affected what physicians prescribe. A total of 131 doctors self-reported their prescribing patterns - the conclusion was that the availability of samples led them to dispense and prescribe drugs that differed from their preferred drug choice.
语段中引证了华盛顿大学的这项调研,调研发觉药物推销产品时派发的试品的确能够危害大夫开方子时的挑选,因此相匹配了选择项VII. Research shows thatpromotion works.
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